Series 1 Episode 2
"Stay tonight. Promise me you'll stay tonight"

Episode 2: I Just Went There to Study Anatomy

In the first scene in Ann's drawing room, Anne claims that Cuvier[1] "gave me private instruction. In my attic apartment on the Left Bank"; it was actually a Monsieur Julliart (a student or assistant?) who tutored Anne privately.

The very sudden bedroom flashback later in the episode, just after the "It's Paris... I just went there to study anatomy" line, features Mrs Barlow, an English widow with whom Anne had an extended affair during an extended trip to Paris over the winter of 1824/5.[2] Anne then denies ever having kissed anyone...

Later, in the lovely scene where Anne is visiting poor Henry Hardcastle (the boy injured in the accident), Anne tells him of the death of her brother: "My brother was in the 84th Yorks and Lancs. He was an ensign... He drowned. In a river. In Ireland. Eighteen years ago. Just turned twenty". This is true: Anne lost her last surviving brother[3] on 19 June 1816, when Sam Lister drowned in the River Blackwater. Sam would have inherited Shibden.

We meet Catherine Rawson in this episode, as she and Ann prepare for their trip to the lakes. Catherine's father Stansfield, Christopher Rawson's brother, owned property at Wast Water in 1832.

Anne's conflict with the Rawsons over coal was real. The lease - which we hear so much about - still exists; it was never signed. Anne (with Ann's money) did eventually sink a pit - the "Walker Pit"[4] - but not until 1835.

On GJ day 15 Jeremiah Rawson comes to negotiate with Anne about her coal - and he's amazed by the "two hundred and twenty-six pounds, seventeen shillings and six pence" price and her calculations. She does her working out[5] in the July 14 diary entry:

cost getting & hurrying to the pit's mouth 5/6 or say 6/- a score

20 corves cost getting & hurrying to the pit's mouth: 72 say 70 = 3½d a corve
sell for 8d a corve

∴ clear gain per corve or load = 4½d ∴ clear gain per square yard = 4½d x 5 = 1/10½
∴ clear gain per acre = 4840 x 22½ = £453.15.0

let the proprietor & getter share this profit equally & then I ought to have £226.17.6 per acre for my coals

Actually Anne's approximations mean that she overestimates the profit. If she had calculated by square yard, rather than by corve, she would have got a more accurate figure:
Selling price per score (20 corves) = 8 x 20 = 160 pence
Getting & hurrying cost per score = "6/-" = 6 shillings = 6 x 12 = 72 pence
∴ profit per score = 160 - 72 = 88 pence
∴ profit per square yard = 88 ÷ 4 = 22 pence
∴ profit per acre = 4840 x 22 = 106,480 pence = 443.67 pounds[6] = £443.13.4Four-hundred and forty-three pounds, thirteen shillings and four pence.
∴ price per acre to the Rawsons = £443.13.4 ÷ 2 = £221.16.8
This means that the GJ calculation is incorrect as well: "Four thousand eight hundred and forty square yards in an acre, times twenty-two, and your clear gain per acre is four hundred and fifty three pounds and fifteen shillings". The 22 pence profit per acre figure is correct, but the final amount is not. If Sally Wainwright wants to stick to Anne's number from the diary, the script should read "Four thousand eight hundred and forty square yards in an acre, times twenty-two and a half...".

The dialogue between Anne & Jeremiah Rawson in the Shibden drawing room reflects Anne's calculations and her later diary entry very closely: "Mr Jeremiah Rawson came at 11 ½ for 25 mins - asked what I would take for the coal - asked what he would give - no! I must set a price - said I had made up my mind not to take less than my uncle sold it for - £230 for what came ot Trough of Bolland pit & £205 for what was pulled at Willy Hill pit - it was well sold - the price frightened him, Mr R- Said I was indifferent about selling or not, but Hinchcliffe wanted it - It seems Mr R- (Christopher) claims the coal in the waste that Hinchcliffe & co bought, because on offering to buy it, could not get a title for the deed had not been registered! I could only say Hinchcliffe had been about my coal only last week, & indeed only yesterday - Mr R- said he merely wanted to have it for fear of competition for his brother (Christopher) had plenty of coal of his own to get - they should be glad to agree with me for the whole for 50 years to pay so much a year £150, or £200, or whatever it was, whether they got the coal or not - they should want to make no roads or pits, unless perhaps an air pit - or might want an engine at Mitholm (Oh! oh! thought I - but took no apparent notice - I see what they are about) - I merely said I was not inclined to sell in this way - should do more as my uncle had done and be paid for what was got - perhaps I might get the coal up myself - I could do it cheap - could have an engine & let off as much power as would pay for it - Mr R- thought I talked too fast - I said it was not my intention to do so - and if they gave me what I asked for the coal, they would gain as much more - this he denied - saying they sold at 7d a corve & the [illeg][7] was 5d a corve - I answered that they sold at 8d a corve & the expense would not be, or ought not, be more than 3 ½ a corve - he owned they did sell some at 8d, but still maintained that the expenses were 5d a corve - then said I, I think I could beat you - you must be doing something wrong in the works, & you had better look narrowly into it - I promised however that I would not sell my coal without just[?] letting them know & said that nobody else should have it unless on paying me something more than Messrs Rawson would pay - He thanked me, & nothing more passed on the subject" (19-July-1832).

July 19 is the date of Vere Hobart's wedding on the invitation that Anne receives earlier in this episode, but Vere and Donald Cameron actually got married on July 31: "Wrote to Lady S[tuart] de R[othsay] 3 pages & under seal pretty small & close of ½ sheet note paper congratulations on Miss H[obart]'s marriage today to Donald Cameron Esquire [the] younger of Lochiel (of Achnacary on Lochiel) & then wrote a full ½ sheet & a few lines on the envelope to Lady S[tuart] & then in an hour [until?] 2:50 wrote 3 pages & ends, wrote kind congratulations to Breadalbane McL[ean][8] 'can't let this memorable day pass without recalling myself to her remembrance by my warm & sincere congatulations' - never [a] match seemed made with fairer prospects of happiness etc, etc."

Obviously Anne didn't go to Vere's wedding. In fact, Mariana arrives at Shibden that day: "Sent John to the Stump Cross Inn to wait for M[ariana] - she arrived soon after 5 - on seeing her coming towards me, met & walked home with her - sauntered & loitered & sat down by the way & came in at 6 - dinner at 6 ¼ - M- suffered from inflammation of the left ear produced by over-syringing for deafness - too much wax taken away - the drum or tympanum laid too bare & thus inflammation which prevented M-'s coming yesterday - she had had a bad night & looked wretchedly - told M- Miss H[obart] was married today to Mr Cameron younger of Lochiel, but she made no remark... went upstairs at 10:20 - very fine day - Very civil and kind and attentive to Mariana. In walking home she had seemed to take rather more interest about things than she did before. Got into bed as soon as I could, not much conversation: she was in pain from her ear" (31-July-1832).

And Anne spent the night of Vere's wedding in bed with Mariana: "She could only sleep on the right side last night - it was well she was ready for me without any trouble of moving. A pretty good kiss on getting into bed, and another about an hour after, she nothing loth and seeming to have had two good ones. Said after the first she thought I had done her good and in the midst of the second said 'How delightful!' Tried to go to sleep but M- suffered much from her ear - up about 2 to get some camphorated spirit of wine - then again up at 4 ½ & I got up too & rubbed her ear with brandy - then thought of Eau de Cologne, & bathed her with that - the formentation with hot water before getting into bed last night had relieved for the time but [had] done no permanent good - both had a disturbed night - Lay about an hour talking this morning. If she saw me at all before my leaving England should see me at Leamington, where they would probably spend the winter. I made no definite reply, thinking to myself she talks of 'if she sees me at all,' but I avoided making any unpleasant remark and all went off well... Down to breakfast at 11 ½ in the drawing room - my aunt with us... I off with M- in her carriage to Halifax at 12 ½... stopt at the White Lion to take up little Mariana BelcombeSteph Belcombe's daughter & Watson & GranthamMariana's servants whom Dr H.S. B[elcombe] had quite cured & saw M- off from Halifax at 1:10. She asked me if I would go farther which I declined. I had asked as we drove down the bank if she cared for me? 'Yes.' If she thought of me? 'Yes, often and much,' but she still thinks she shall not be long-lived and that Charles will survive her, and somehow the calmness or indifference of her manner annoyed me. I asked if she would go to Holland again? 'No,' she did not wish to travel, liked her hens and chickens better. Somehow said to myself on leaving: 'Well, I never think of her without irritation.' I felt relieved to be rid of her and anxious to get her out of my mind. 'Shall I' - said it to myself - 'ever dislike her?' I am glad her visit is over, yet no one, as my aunt owns, would see any difference from formerly in the manner of either of us. 'But,' said I, 'there is a great difference at heart.'" (1-Aug-1832).

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Notes & Observations
[1] Georges Cuvier (1769-1832), French naturalist, known as the "founding father of paleontology". He had an enormous impact on pre-Darwinian biology, although he rejected any suggestion that species could evolve. He was already dead at this point, having died less than a week after Anne returned to Shibden.
[2] The period is covered in detail in No Priest But Love, by Helena Whitbread.
[3] The Listers lost another son, Anne's youngest brother John, in 1810.
[4] A ventilation shaft serving the pit can still be seen, just a short walk from Shibden Hall.
[5] Don't forget that Anne's working in pounds, shillings & pence and imperial units. A corve is a small wagon for carrying coal, ore, etc.
[6] There are 12 pence in a shilling, 20 shillings in a pound, therefore 1 pound = 12 x 20 = 240 pence. 106,480 ÷ 240 = 443.67
[7] The word looks like "gap", but is marked as an abbreviation, so may be a different word. It obviously refers to the cost of extraction.
[8] Breadalbane MacLean, one of Vere's maternal aunts.
Page updated 7-Oct-2020
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